International Woman's Day

Braverman--Intl Womans Day.jpg

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International Woman's Day


Magazine cover dates to a period when women’s suffrage and socialism were commingling in productive new ways. Here, three different social ills are linked to the absence of suffrage: a mother and daughter under the tyranny of a patriarchal father, an impoverished prostitute with her son watching on, and an economically precarious mother alone. Suffrage was just part of a larger progressive agenda symbolized by the large allegorical figure.

At the time of this illustration Braverman’s job title was “Associate Editor and Circulation Manager” for The Coming Nation," published in Chicago; he also produced much of the magazine’s art. It had been founded as "The Socialist Woman" in 1907 by Josephine Conger-Kaneko and in 1909 changed its name to "The Progressive Woman." The final iteration shown above lasted only a year before folding in 1914.

After passage of the Nineteenth Amendment in 1920, and as socialist unity fragmented under the duress of Palmer Raids and systematic anti-red legislation, Braverman became disillusioned and moved into poster art and advertising. By the 1920s he worked for the Curtis Company agency in Detroit, MI and then the Hamman group in Oakland, CA. He played a central role in smuggling copies of James Joyce’s banned novel Ulysses into America in 1922. Later Braverman created works for the Federal Art Project, including a work held by the New Deal Gallery at Mt. Morris: “Down and Out” (1937). He had a great interest in films, during the 1940s working upon an authorized biography of the director D.W. Griffith that never was published. He lived the last years of his life in St. Paul, MN.


Braverman, Barnet (1888-1965)


The Coming Nation




Cooper, Ken


"The Coming Nation" 1.5 (Mar. 1914): cover



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