Pedigree of Man
Ernst Haeckel was an important 19th-century biologist, especially in describing the relations and connections between different organisms. He was, in fact, inventor of the term ecology--the study of nature's "household." For his 1879 book The Evolution of Man, he devised this figurative tree showing animal life on earth that preserved hierarchical assumptions predating Darwin. At the tree's pinnacle, or rather crown we are assured that evolution has been working toward the creation of humanity.
Haeckel, Ernst Heinrich Philipp August, 1834-1919
Ernst Haeckel, The Evolution of Man: A Popular Exposition of the Principal Points of Human Ontogeny and Phylogeny (D. Appleton, 1897): 219. Web version at Internet Archive.
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